Difference between revisions of "Template:Citation needed/doc"

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FairPlay137
FairPlay137 (talk | contribs) (Created page with "{{Documentation subpage}} {{Redirect|Template:Proveit|the template about the referencing gadget|Template:User ProveIt}} {{Redirect|Template:CM|the template that when substitut...")
 
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{{Redirect|Template:Proveit|the template about the referencing gadget|Template:User ProveIt}}
 
{{Redirect|Template:Proveit|the template about the referencing gadget|Template:User ProveIt}}
 
{{Redirect|Template:CM|the template that when substituted creates a header with the current month and year|Template:Cm}}
 
{{Redirect|Template:CM|the template that when substituted creates a header with the current month and year|Template:Cm}}
{{Tl|Citation needed}} is a [[w:Wikipedia:Template messages|template]] used to identify claims in articles, particularly if questionable, that need a [[w:Wikipedia:Citing sources|citation]] to a [[w:WP:RS|reliable source]]. This template produces the superscripted message {{citation needed|date=May 2013|reason=example}} and is installed with no spaces directly after punctuation.
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{{Tl|Citation needed}} is a template used to identify claims in articles, particularly if questionable, that need a [[Project:Citing sources|citation]] to a reliable source. This template produces the superscripted message {{citation needed|date=May 2013|reason=example}} and is installed with no spaces directly after punctuation.
  
 
== Use ==
 
== Use ==
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== When not to use this template ==
 
== When not to use this template ==
  
Contentious material about [[w:Wikipedia:Biographies of living persons|living persons]] that is unsourced or poorly sourced should be '''removed immediately'''. Do not tag it; immediately remove it. This includes material that is doubtful, harmful, or possibly [[w:libelous|libelous]]. For some policy about this, see the sections [[w:Wikipedia:Biographies of living persons#Remove contentious material that is unsourced or poorly sourced|"Remove contentious material that is unsourced or poorly sourced"]] at [[w:Wikipedia:Biographies of living persons]] and [[w:Wikipedia:Verifiability#Burden of evidence|"Burden of evidence"]] at [[w:Wikipedia:Verifiability]].
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Contentious material about [[w:Wikipedia:Biographies of living persons|living persons]] that is unsourced or poorly sourced should be '''removed immediately'''. Do not tag it; immediately remove it. This includes material that is doubtful, harmful, or possibly [[w:libelous|libelous]]. For some policy about this, see the sections [[w:Wikipedia:Biographies of living persons#Remove contentious material that is unsourced or poorly sourced|"Remove contentious material that is unsourced or poorly sourced"]] at [[w:Wikipedia:Biographies of living persons]] and [[Project:Verifiability#Burden of evidence|"Burden of evidence"]] at [[Project:Verifiability]].
  
 
The <nowiki>{{Citation needed}}</nowiki> template is intended for use when there is a general question of the verifiability of a statement, or when an editor believes that a reference verifying the statement should be provided. Other templates are available for other or more specific issues; see the [[#Inline templates|list of inline templates]]. For example, claims that you think are incorrect should be tagged with {{Tl|Dubious}}, and those which represent a non-neutral view should be tagged with {{Tl|POV statement}}. Being specific about the nature of the problem will help other editors correct it.
 
The <nowiki>{{Citation needed}}</nowiki> template is intended for use when there is a general question of the verifiability of a statement, or when an editor believes that a reference verifying the statement should be provided. Other templates are available for other or more specific issues; see the [[#Inline templates|list of inline templates]]. For example, claims that you think are incorrect should be tagged with {{Tl|Dubious}}, and those which represent a non-neutral view should be tagged with {{Tl|POV statement}}. Being specific about the nature of the problem will help other editors correct it.
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If you have the time and ability to find an authoritative reference, please do so. Then add the citation yourself, or correct the article text. After all, the ultimate goal is not to merely identify problems, but to fix them.
 
If you have the time and ability to find an authoritative reference, please do so. Then add the citation yourself, or correct the article text. After all, the ultimate goal is not to merely identify problems, but to fix them.
  
While an editor may add this template to any uncited passage for any reason, many editors object to what they perceive as overuse of this tag, particularly in what is known as "[[w:drive-by|drive-by]]" tagging, which is applying the tag without attempting to address the issues at all (hit-and-run). Consider whether adding this tag in an article is the best approach before using it, and use it judiciously. Wikipedia's [[w:WP:V|verifiability policy]] does not require reliable sources for [[w:Common knowledge|common well-known facts]] (e.g., "the Moon orbits the Earth"), neither that citations be repeated through every sentence in a paragraph. All direct quotations and facts whose accuracy might be challenged (e.g., statistics) require citations. See [[w:WP:MINREF]] for the list of material that is absolutely required to be followed by an [[w:Wikipedia:Inline citation|inline citation]], rather than a [[w:Wikipedia:General references|general reference]] or no citation at all. Also note that the [[w:WP:BURDEN|burden of evidence]] lies with the editor who adds or restores material.
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While an editor may add this template to any uncited passage for any reason, many editors object to what they perceive as overuse of this tag, particularly in what is known as "[[w:drive-by|drive-by]]" tagging, which is applying the tag without attempting to address the issues at all (hit-and-run). Consider whether adding this tag in an article is the best approach before using it, and use it judiciously. Our [[TP:V|verifiability policy]] does not require reliable sources for [[w:Common knowledge|common well-known facts]] (e.g., "the Moon orbits the Earth"), neither that citations be repeated through every sentence in a paragraph. All direct quotations and facts whose accuracy might be challenged (e.g., statistics) require citations. See [[TP:MINREF]] for the list of material that is absolutely required to be followed by an [[Project:Inline citation|inline citation]], rather than a [[Project:General references|general reference]] or no citation at all. Also note that the [[TP:BURDEN|burden of evidence]] lies with the editor who adds or restores material.
  
 
This template is intended for specific passages that need citation. For entire articles or sections that contain significant material lacking citations (rather than just specific short passages), there are other, more appropriate templates, such as {{Tl|Unreferenced}} and {{Tl|More citations needed}} (for whole articles) as well as {{Tl|Unreferenced section}} and {{Tl|Refimprove section}} (for sections of articles).
 
This template is intended for specific passages that need citation. For entire articles or sections that contain significant material lacking citations (rather than just specific short passages), there are other, more appropriate templates, such as {{Tl|Unreferenced}} and {{Tl|More citations needed}} (for whole articles) as well as {{Tl|Unreferenced section}} and {{Tl|Refimprove section}} (for sections of articles).
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== See also ==
 
== See also ==
 
* [[Template:Citation needed lead]], a similar template specifically for the lead of articles
 
* [[Template:Citation needed lead]], a similar template specifically for the lead of articles
* [[w:Wikipedia:Citing sources]], especially [[Wikipedia:Citing sources#Unsourced material|Unsourced material]]
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* [[Project:Citing sources]], especially [[Project:Citing sources#Unsourced material|Unsourced material]]
* [[w:Wikipedia:Identifying reliable sources]]
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* [[Project:Identifying reliable sources]]
* [[w:Wikipedia:Template messages/Cleanup#Verifiability and sources]]
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* [[Project:Template messages/Cleanup#Verifiability and sources]]
* [[w:Wikipedia:Template messages/Sources of articles]]
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* [[Project:Template messages/Sources of articles]]
* [[w:Wikipedia:Verifiability]]
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* [[Project:Verifiability]]
  
 
=== Inline templates ===
 
=== Inline templates ===
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==== Verification ====
 
==== Verification ====
 
* {{Tl|Better source}}{{Better source}}: flags a statement as requiring a better source.
 
* {{Tl|Better source}}{{Better source}}: flags a statement as requiring a better source.
* {{Tl|Dead link}}{{Dead link}}: tag a ref or an external link as [[w:Wikipedia:Dead external links|dead]].
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* {{Tl|Dead link}}{{Dead link}}: tag a ref or an external link as [[Project:Dead external links|dead]].
 
* {{Tl|Failed verification}}{{Failed verification}}: source was checked, and did not contain the cited material.
 
* {{Tl|Failed verification}}{{Failed verification}}: source was checked, and did not contain the cited material.
 
* {{Tl|Request quotation}}{{Request quotation}}: request a direct quote from an inaccessible source, for verification purposes.
 
* {{Tl|Request quotation}}{{Request quotation}}: request a direct quote from an inaccessible source, for verification purposes.
 
* {{Tl|Self-published inline}}{{Self-published inline}} or {{tl|Self-published source}} {{Self-published source}}: flag a source that cites the author.
 
* {{Tl|Self-published inline}}{{Self-published inline}} or {{tl|Self-published source}} {{Self-published source}}: flag a source that cites the author.
* {{Tl|Unreliable source?}}{{Unreliable source?|name=Citation needed}}: flag a source as possibly being [[w:WP:RS|unreliable]] or [[w:WP:V|unverifiable]].
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* {{Tl|Unreliable source?}}{{Unreliable source?|name=Citation needed}}: flag a source as possibly being [[TP:RS|unreliable]] or [[w:WP:V|unverifiable]].
 
* {{Tl|Verify source}}{{Verify source}}: request that someone verify the cited source backs up the material in the passage.
 
* {{Tl|Verify source}}{{Verify source}}: request that someone verify the cited source backs up the material in the passage.
  
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* {{Tl|Definition}}{{Definition}}: flag a definition as being ambiguous or confusing
 
* {{Tl|Definition}}{{Definition}}: flag a definition as being ambiguous or confusing
 
* {{Tl|Dubious}}{{Dubious}}: flag something as suspected of being incorrect; explain why on the talk page and briefly in the |reason= parameter
 
* {{Tl|Dubious}}{{Dubious}}: flag something as suspected of being incorrect; explain why on the talk page and briefly in the |reason= parameter
* {{Tl|Original research inline}}{{Original research inline}}: flag a statement as possibly containing [[w:Wikipedia:No original research|original research]]
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* {{Tl|Original research inline}}{{Original research inline}}: flag a statement as possibly containing [[Project:No original research|original research]]
* {{Tl|Peacock term}}{{Peacock term}}: flag a statement that contains [[w:Wikipedia:Avoid peacock terms|peacock terms]]  
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* {{Tl|Peacock term}}{{Peacock term}}: flag a statement that contains [[Project:Avoid peacock terms|peacock terms]]  
* {{Tl|POV statement}}{{POV statement}}: flag something as possibly not [[w:Wikipedia:Neutral point of view|having a neutral point of view]]  
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* {{Tl|POV statement}}{{POV statement}}: flag something as possibly not [[Project:Neutral point of view|having a neutral point of view]]  
 
* {{Tl|Quantify}}{{Quantify}}: flag a statement as being vague regarding the amount of something
 
* {{Tl|Quantify}}{{Quantify}}: flag a statement as being vague regarding the amount of something
 
* {{Tl|Technical statement}}{{Technical statement}}: flag a word or phrase [[w:Wikipedia:Make technical articles understandable|that is both technical and not understandable]]
 
* {{Tl|Technical statement}}{{Technical statement}}: flag a word or phrase [[w:Wikipedia:Make technical articles understandable|that is both technical and not understandable]]

Latest revision as of 17:23, 9 June 2019

{{Citation needed}} is a template used to identify claims in articles, particularly if questionable, that need a citation to a reliable source. This template produces the superscripted message [citation needed] and is installed with no spaces directly after punctuation.

Use

{{Citation needed|reason=Your explanation here|date=July 2019}}

Notes:

  • To automatically add the current date, you can use substitution: {{subst:Citation needed}}.
  • The |date= parameter need not be added by the editor: if not entered, a bot will soon add it. The date parameter consists of the full English name of the current month with initial capital, a space, and the year, not full dates; e.g., "January 2013", but not "jan13". Any deviation from these two rules will result in an "invalid date parameter" error.
  • The |reason= parameter is optional but often helpful. It is displayed as a tooltip in some browsers (hover the mouse here[citation needed] to check behaviour of your browser). For example, the following usage might be appropriate to the claim that "Humphrey Bogart has won several snooker world championships":
    {{Citation needed|reason=This claim needs a reliable source; Bogart was a famous actor, and his major biographies don't mention snooker.|date=July 2019}}
    • Use only plain text for the |reason= parameter. It does not support wiki markup like wikilinks, which can "mess up" the tooltip.
    • Double quotation marks used within the |reason= parameter will likewise "mess up" the tooltip; use single quotes or the HTML code &quot; instead.
  • Use of this template places the article into Category:All articles with unsourced statements and Category:Articles with unsourced statements from July 2019 (example; past months are listed in Category:Articles with unsourced statements).
  • This template should be installed directly after punctuation, such as a full stop (period) or a comma.
  • Remove the template when you add a citation for a statement.

Examples

Example 1

This sentence shows the template used at the end.{{Citation needed|reason=Reliable source needed for the whole sentence|date=July 2019}}

This wikitext will be rendered as follows:

This sentence shows the template used at the end.[citation needed]

Example 2

[[Humphrey Bogart]] has won several [[snooker]] world championships.{{Citation needed|date=July 2019}}

The template indicates that it may be that Humphrey Bogart played snooker at some point and it may be that he won some tournaments at some point but no reliable, published sources were given to verify it and the information is not considered common knowledge.

Humphrey Bogart has won several snooker world championships.[citation needed]

Example 3

If it is considered that he might have won just one tournament, the template may be placed accordingly; and a reason for the need of a citation may be given, displayed when the mouse hovers on "citation needed":

[[Humphrey Bogart]] has won several{{Citation needed|date=July 2019|reason=Only aware he won one tournament. Sources for others please.}} snooker world championships.
Humphrey Bogart has won several[citation needed] snooker world championships.

When not to use this template

Contentious material about living persons that is unsourced or poorly sourced should be removed immediately. Do not tag it; immediately remove it. This includes material that is doubtful, harmful, or possibly libelous. For some policy about this, see the sections "Remove contentious material that is unsourced or poorly sourced" at w:Wikipedia:Biographies of living persons and "Burden of evidence" at Project:Verifiability.

The {{Citation needed}} template is intended for use when there is a general question of the verifiability of a statement, or when an editor believes that a reference verifying the statement should be provided. Other templates are available for other or more specific issues; see the list of inline templates. For example, claims that you think are incorrect should be tagged with {{Dubious}}, and those which represent a non-neutral view should be tagged with {{POV statement}}. Being specific about the nature of the problem will help other editors correct it.

Within a lead section that is clearly written as a summary of a substantially sourced article,

  • statements that are supported with citations within the body of the article should not be tagged,
  • statements that are not supported in the article body should be tagged with {{Citation needed lead}}.

If you have the time and ability to find an authoritative reference, please do so. Then add the citation yourself, or correct the article text. After all, the ultimate goal is not to merely identify problems, but to fix them.

While an editor may add this template to any uncited passage for any reason, many editors object to what they perceive as overuse of this tag, particularly in what is known as "drive-by" tagging, which is applying the tag without attempting to address the issues at all (hit-and-run). Consider whether adding this tag in an article is the best approach before using it, and use it judiciously. Our verifiability policy does not require reliable sources for common well-known facts (e.g., "the Moon orbits the Earth"), neither that citations be repeated through every sentence in a paragraph. All direct quotations and facts whose accuracy might be challenged (e.g., statistics) require citations. See TP:MINREF for the list of material that is absolutely required to be followed by an inline citation, rather than a general reference or no citation at all. Also note that the burden of evidence lies with the editor who adds or restores material.

This template is intended for specific passages that need citation. For entire articles or sections that contain significant material lacking citations (rather than just specific short passages), there are other, more appropriate templates, such as {{Unreferenced}} and {{More citations needed}} (for whole articles) as well as {{Unreferenced section}} and {{Refimprove section}} (for sections of articles).

Do not use this template to tag policies or guidelines.

How to respond to this tag

The addition of this tag is a request for an inline citation to support the tagged statement. If you are able to provide a citation to support the claim, then please do so.

Except for contentious claims about living people, which should be immediately removed if not cited, there is no specific deadline for providing citations. Please do not delete information that you believe is correct solely because no one has provided a citation within an arbitrary time limit. If there is some uncertainty about its accuracy, most editors are willing to wait about a month to see whether a citation can be provided.

Template data

This is the TemplateData documentation for this template used by VisualEditor and other tools.

TemplateData for Citation needed

The template is used to identify claims in articles, particularly if questionable, that need a citation to a reliable source.

Template parameters

ParameterDescriptionTypeStatus
Month and yeardate

Provides the month and year of the citation request; e.g., 'January 2013', but not 'jan13'

Auto value
{{subst:CURRENTMONTHNAME}} {{subst:CURRENTYEAR}}
Stringsuggested
Reason for citationreason

A reason as to why, or for what content, the citation is needed; use single quotes, if any

Stringoptional

Tracking categories

Redirects

See also

Inline templates

Highlighting some text that needs a citation

  • {{Citation needed span}}: similar, except that the text needing the citation is changed to a dark slate-gray color while being encapsulated in an off-white box with a pale pink outline. For example:
Beetles constitute Template:Citation needed span the largest order of insects, with Template:Citation needed span

Incomplete citations

Verification

Content

Timeliness

Article message box templates

  • {{Cite check}}, article / section may have inappropriate or misinterpreted citations.
  • {{More citations needed}}, article / section has weak or incomplete sources / references / citations.
  • {{Unreferenced}}, article / section has no sources / references / citations given at all.
  • Citation method and style

Template:Inline tags